Agra is the one of the major destinations of the World Tourism map for its magnificent heritage monuments Fatehpur Sikri, Agra Fort and Taj Mahal- one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Every nook and corner of this charming city, which was once the capital of Mughal Sultanate in medieval times, reflects royal ambience and magnificence. The city is a vibrant centre of Culture, Religious philosophies and Art that have enhanced mankind and nurtured human thought over centuries. A trip to Agra won’t only introduce to city's age old treasure of culture and tradition but also to the famous handicraft products, like Inlay work on Marvel, footwear, leather work, brassware, jeweler, carpets, embroidery work and zari work. If you planning your first visit to Agra and wondering what to see and what to buy, read on to this write-up and get the best information.
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One of the most recognizable structures of India in the world, Taj Mahal attracts a huge of domestic and international tourists every year. Actually a tomb, this gorgeous monument plays an important role in Agra tourism. This magnificent white marble structure was constructed by the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan, in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The construction of the monument was done under the supervision of chief architects, Abdul-Karim Ma'mur Khan, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri and Makramat Khan. Besides being a symbol of eternal love, this monument perfectly combines Mughal, Turkish, Persian, and Indian architectural styles. Due to its unique architecture, Taj Mahal has been included as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
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The great Mughal Emperor Akbar instructed the construction of the Agra Fort in the year 1565 A.D., while several additions were made until the time of his grandson Shah Jahan. It is a massive architecture and forbidding exteriors of this fort will keep you amaze for a long time. It is made in the form of crescent, compacted on the east with a long, straight wall facing the river. This massive fort has a perimeter of about 2.4 Kilometers, which is bounded by double castellated ramparts of red sandstone punctuated at regular intervals by bastions. Some of the significant architectures inside this huge fort are, the Moti Masjid (a white marvel mosque), Diwan-e-Khaas, Diwan-e-Am, Khaas Mahal, Jehangir's Palace, Shish Mahal and Musamman or Samman Burj, where Shahjahan was held imprisoned by Aurangzeb in 1666 A.D.
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It was a tomb to Mir Afzal Khan, a senior minister of the court of Shah Jahan. This tomb is considered a milestone in Indo-Persian architecture. It is the very first building in India that is beautifully adorned using glazed tile works. This decoration is more prominent on façade and exteriors. Overlooking River Yamuna, the tomb creates a wonderful view. It is must visit attraction due to its finest craftsmanship.
Built on the South Bank of Yamuna River, Mehtab Bagh is a moonlight garden that is an oasis of aromatic beautiful flowers, shaded pavilions, fountains and reflecting pools. It is a 25-acre plot that has become an epicenter for the apex court-ordered project for founding protective greenways around the Taj. Being near the Taj, it enhances its beauty. Mehtab Bagh is an important tourist attraction to visit on your Agra tour.
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Also known as Baby Taj, Itmad-ud-daula is the very first tomb that is entirely made using marbles. It is a mausoleum that overlooks holy River Yamuna. This pure white elaborately carved tomb features an Indo-Islamic style of architecture. Few parts of the tomb have Persian influences that make it really appealing. It seems like a Jewel box kept over an open garden.
Sikandra is a huge mausoleum of Mughal Emperor Akbar located in the first stop-over while going from Delhi. This beautiful architecture displays his philosophy and secular outlook, merging the best of Muslim and Hindu architectures in an excellent region. This mausoleum was built in the year 1613 A.D. by his son Jahangir, making it the last resting place for the remains of the Great Emperor (the remains of Akbar were moved to many places before coming here). In fact, it is one of the most well preserved monuments.
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Located a little away from Agra, Fatehpur Sikri is the ghost city that comprised of various important monuments. It is supposed to be abandoned by the people because of the lack of water. Fatehpur Sikri is a charming city complex commissioned by the great Mughal Emperor, Akbar. Being a land of many significant heritage monuments, Agra is an integral part of golden triangle tour of India.
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